GRAFENWOEHR, Germany — The Holocaust was the maltreatment and murder of over six million men, women and children by the Nazi regime in the 1930s and 40s. Nearly 75 years after the Holocaust, people around the world reflect on the horrors that had taken place.
Germany’s tainted past of Nazism, which claimed the lives of mainly Jewish victims killed methodically through gas chambers, shootings and other brutal methods, is one of the darkest times in human history.
The History of the Holocaust took place between 1933 and 1945. It culminated in what the Nazis called the ‘Final Solution of the Jewish Question’ in Europe.
Jewish people were not the only victims of Nazism. It is estimated that as many as 15 million civilians were killed by this regime, including millions of Slavs and ‘Asiatic, 200,000 Gypsies and several members of various other groups. Thousands of people, including Germans of African descent, were forcibly sterilized, according to a BBC History page.
The history of the Holocaust concluded with the death camps. The concentration camps the Jews were forced into made survival virtually impossible. Many Jews were brutally used for slave labor, tortured, raped and worked to death.
Congress established the annual Days of Remembrance as the nation’s commemoration of the Holocaust.
This year, it is observed from April 28-May 5, with a specific day of remembrance on May 2, to never forget the unspeakable acts committed against the victims and survivors of the Holocaust.
U.S. Army Garrison Bavaria will hold its annual remembrance ceremony May 2 from 3:30 – 4:30 p.m. at the Netzaberg Chapel.
There are several memorials and ceremonies that will be held in honor of the Holocaust remembrance throughout Europe. Here are a few historical monuments and events to consider visiting while traveling in Europe.
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, Berlin – The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, also known as the Holocaust Memorial, is a memorial in Berlin to the Jewish victims of the Holocaust.
Wall of Names at the Shoah Memorial, Paris – The memorial includes multiple rooms of names of Holocaust victims. The memorial welcomes relatives of Holocaust victims wishing to do research or contribute information about one or more family members. It also has various research materials on the deportation of the Jews of Europe, particularly in France.
Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial, France – The site is located in Colleville-sur-Mer, on the site of the temporary American St. Laurent Cemetery. It was established by the U.S. First Army on June 8, 1944, as the first American cemetery on European soil in World War II.
Additionally, in honor of the 75th Anniversary of D-Day, approximately one thousand U.S. service members stationed in Europe, and from the U.S. based units with historical links to D-Day, will join contingents of more than five nations in a commemorative ceremony in the region of Normandy, France, June 1-9, 2019.